South Africa has a population of 56.5-million people, according to 2017 estimates. The 2011 census puts it at 51.5-million. Black South Africans make up 80% of the total, coloured and white people both around 8%, and Indians 2.5%.
The story of HIV and Aids in South Africa is one of tragic arrogance, of a hopeful new democracy suddenly threatened from an unexpected direction, of activism and tenacity and, eventually, of one of the largest public health programmes in the world.
Mixed with over a dozen African languages for over two centuries, spiced by imports from British, Dutch and Portuguese colonies, South African English has its own rich, varied and sometimes weird flavour.