South Africa has a population of 56.5-million people, according to 2017 estimates. The 2011 census puts it at 51.5-million. Black South Africans make up 80% of the total, coloured and white people both around 8%, and Indians 2.5%.
The story of HIV and Aids in South Africa is one of tragic arrogance, of a hopeful new democracy suddenly threatened from an unexpected direction, of activism and tenacity and, eventually, of one of the largest public health programmes in the world.
A comprehensive timeline of the life of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela – activist, political prisoner, president of South Africa, statesman and global icon of social justice.
South Africa is a multilingual country with 11 official languages and a population fluent in at least two. IsiZulu and isiXhosa are the largest languages, while English is spoken at home by only one in 10 people – most of them not white.
Mixed with over a dozen African languages for over two centuries, spiced by imports from British, Dutch and Portuguese colonies, South African English has its own rich, varied and sometimes weird flavour.
The mainland and islands of Africa are home to 55 countries, an ancient and complex history, modern cities, some 3,000 languages and over a billion people. From Algeria to Zimbabwe, here’s a snapshot of each country in a region the world needs to know more about.
Black men have the shortest lives, and white women the longest. Find out more about South Africa’s population structure.